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Wednesday, May 4, 2022

Ang Pangarap Mo'y Naghihintay Sayo

This song was composed, arranged and performed by Henry Alburo of Marikina City, Metro Manila, Philippines. He performed this song as his contest piece for the Bombo Music Festival 2018 and was released on October 22, 2018. Bombo Radyo Music Festival, a songwriting competition created, organized by the radio station Bombo Radyo starting in 1985 originally as an Ilonggo Christmas Music Festival Song Writing Competition and has since evolved into Western Visayas regional song writing competition and eventually a National Songwriting Competition. 

Historically, the Bombo Music Festival was born out of Bombo Radyo Philippines’ commitment to bring to higher heights the awareness and love for our own music and culture, widen the avenue for development of Filipino musical talents, and eventually bring prestige to the Filipinos. This commitment has become a tradition of our people.

Here is the music and lyrics of the song below and it's English translation (sorry for my dismal attempt to translate this in English language).

Ang Pangarap Mo'y Naghihintay Sa'yo
by Henry Alburo

Kay rami mang balakid
Sayong daraanan
Sadya mang matinik
Ang kailangan mong lakaran
Ubod man ng bigat
Ang iyong pinapasan
Huwag kang mag-alinlangan
Kayang-kaya mo yan

Huwag kang umatras
Huwag kang huminto
Huwag kang mapagod
Huwag kang sumuko
Alam mo namang
Sa dulo nito
Ang pangarap mo'y
Naghihintay sayo

Kay hirap mang abutin
Ng nais mong marating
Malalim man ang suliranin
Kailangan mong tawirin
Kung napaiyak ka man
Ng iyong nararanasan
Huwag kang mag-alinlangan
Kayang kaya mo yan

Huwag kang umatras
Huwag kang huminto
Huwag kang mapagod
Huwag kang sumuko
Alam mo namang
Sa dulo nito
Ang pangarap mo'y
Naghihintay sayo

Huwag kang umatras (huwag kang umatras)
Huwag kang huminto (huwag kang huminto)
Huwag kang mapagod
Huwag kang sumuko
Alam mo namang
Sa dulo nito
Ang pangarap mo'y
Naghihintay sayo
Naghihintay sayo
Naghihintay sayo
Ang pangarap mo'y naghihintay

English Translation

Your Dream Is Waiting For You
by Henry Alburo

Though there are so many obstacles
In your path
Though it's really thorny
The road you have to walk
Too heavy a burden
You have to carry
Do not hesitate
You can do it

Don't back out
Don't stop
Don't get tired
Don't give up
You know
At the end of it
Your dream is
Waiting for you

Though it's hard to reach
Of the things you want to reach
Though the problem is deep
You have to cross
If it made you cried
Of the things you experience
Do not hesitate
You can do it

Don't back out
Don't stop
Don't get tired
Don't give up
You know
At the end of it
Your dream is
Waiting for you

Don't back out (don't back out)
Don't stop (don't stop)
Don't get tired
Don't give up
You know
At the end of it
Your dream is
Waiting for you
Waiting for you
Waiting for you
Your dream is waiting
for you

Photo Source:

Bombo Radyo Philippines, Inc.

Saturday, April 30, 2022

Folk Dance Of Western Visayas Region: Kuradang


The Kuradang is an upbeat dance from Tuburan, Pototan, Iloilo. The people in this barrio are lighthearted and has an intense passion for singing and dancing. The social gathering is not complete without dancing. One of the dances performed during the fiesta or a celebration in Tuburan is the Kuradang. The name of the dance was probably taken from the word "Kudangdang" which means posh, showy, overdressed, extravagant, lavish or luxuriously epicurean. 

COSTUME. The girl is wearing a patadyong, camisa or a kimona with a soft pañuelo over one shoulder. The boy is wearing barong tagalog and colorful trousers. The dancers are all barefooted. 

MUSIC. is composed of two parts: A and B. 

COUNT one, two, or one, and, two to a measure in 2/4 time; one, two, three, or one, two, and three in 3/4 time.

FORMATION. Two couples facing each other,  about six feet apart, form a set. The girls stand on the right side of their respective partners. When facing audience, couple at the left, No. 1, is called mayor and couple at the right, No. 2 is called menor  (see diagram below). Any number of sets may participate in this dance.


    X                     O
      1   →                    ← 2    
       O                    X  

Kuradang Step (Iloilo) - Music 2/4 time     Count 1, and, 2, 1, 2 to two measures

Change step sideward right (left), R (L) forearm turn to reverse "T" position, L (R) hand down at side. Twist body slightly to right (left) (cts. 1 and 2). Hop on R (L), swing the L (R) foot across the R (L) knee in front obliquely backward right (left), bend arms forward at shoulder level (ct. 1), hop on R (L) and swing L (R) foot obliquely forward left (right). Turn forearms to assume reverse "T" position (ct. 2). This step may be done in all directions. 


1. The music is played continuously with each part played twice.
2. All Kuradang steps should be done with arm movements.
3. There is a slight jogging of the body throughout the dance.


Music Introduction.

    Face front
       Starting with R foot, take three steps forward, arms down at sides (cts. 1, 2, 3), close L to R (ct. 1), tap L close to R in rear three times and at the same time clap hands in front of chest three times (cts. 2, and 3) ______________________________________ 2M


    Partners face each other.
      (a) Starting with R foot, take four change steps forward to partner's place, passing by R shoulders. Forearm turn to reverse "T" position, R and L alternately, free hand down at side. Bend trunk slightly to the right and left side alternately _______________ 4M

      (b) Turn right about. Repeat (a), going to proper places. __ 4M

      (c) Girl 1 and Girl 2 face each other. Repeat (a) and (b). In the meantime, Boys clap hands on cts. 1, and, 2, 1, 2, for every two measures __________________________________________ 8M

      (d) Boy 1 and Boy 2 face each other. Repeat movements of Girls, and Girls clap hands as Boys did in (c) __________________  8M


Partner face each other. Couples 1 and 2 are doing their movements simultaneously.

Couple 1.
(a) Starting with R foot, take four kuradang steps forward to exchange places passing by R shoulders __________________ 8M
(b) Turn right about. Repeat (a), going to proper places ______ 8M
(c) Repeat movements of Couple 2 as in (a) below. _________16M

Couple 2.
(a) Take eight kuradang steps sideward, R and L alternately __16M
(b) Repeat movements of Couple 1 as in (a) and (b) above. ___16M


Partner face each other.
  Take eight kuradang steps sideward, R and L alternately ___16 M


  Couples 1 and 2 face each other. They do their movements simultaneously.
  (a) Couple 1. Starting with R foot, take three kuradang steps to front of Couple 2 __________________________________ 6 M
       Couple 2. Starting with R foot, take three kuradang steps turning around in place clockwise ___________________________ 6 M
  (b) Girl 1 and Boy 2. Starting with L foot, take one kuradang step to exchange places, passing by R shoulders. Take big steps. In the meantime, Girl 2 and Boy 1 execute one kuradang in place starting with L foot _______________________________________ 2 M

   At the end of the fourth kuradang step, the Girls are all on one side (right side) and the Boy are on the other side (left side).

  (c) Girls and Boys face each other. All execute four kuradang steps sideward, R and L alternately. _________________________ 8 M
  (d) Girl 1 and Boy 2. Starting with R foot, take four kuradang steps moving little by little forward to return back to their proper places. Take small steps ____________________________________ 8 M

In the meantime, Girl 2 and Boy 1, starting with R foot execute four kuradang steps turning around in place clockwise _________ 8 M


Partners face each other.
  (a) Couples 1 and 2 takes two kuradang steps sideward, 
       R and L  _______________________________________ 4 M
  (b) Boy 1. Starting with R foot, take two kuradang steps forward to
 front of Couple 2. In the meantime, Couple 2 executes two kuradang steps, starting with R foot, turning around in place clockwise. Finish facing Boy 1. Girl 1 stay in place and clap hands on cts. 1, and 2, 1, 2, two times. _______________________________________ 4 M
  (c) Boy 1 and Couple 2. Starting with R foot, take six kuradang steps forward, moving around clockwise. Finish in starting place. Girl 1 clapping hands as in (b) _________________________ 12 M
  (d) Boy 1. Turn right about. Starting with R foot, take two kuradang steps forward to proper place. Girl 1 clapping hands as in (b) __ 4 M

 Couple 2. Starting with R foot, take two kuradang steps turning around in place clockwise ______________________________ 4 M
  (e) Repeat all (a-d) with Girl 2, starting in (b) going to front of Couple 1 while Boy 2 does the clapping _________________ 24 M


Repeat Figure I _____________________________________ 24 M


All face front.

      Repeat Introduction  ______________________________ 2 M

Music Of Kuradang 

Thursday, April 14, 2022

Gay Filipino In History: Tapar Of Iloilo

There are a number of uprisings and revolt throughout the centuries of Spanish colonial period over abuse, excessive taxation on local products, corrupt and ill system of government among others. There are also some rebellion which was ignited by people's faith and beliefs. One such religious revolt took place in Panay caused by convergence of faith. This religious revolt is led by a certain Tapar from Iloilo in 1663.

Tapar or Tapara is a native babaylan from the town of Oton in Iloilo province in the island of Panay who was a new convert of Catholicism. He was known for founding a religious cult that merged Catholic religious practices with traditional rituals a modified form of Christianity. He persuaded the locals to join his group and attracted many followers with his stories about his frequent conversation with a demon. He proclaimed himself "God Almighty" and went around garbed in a woman's dress. According to Fray Juan Fernandez, who chronicled important events in some Iloilo pueblos, described Tapara as a mystic who dressed and acted like a female.

Tapar taught taught his followers to worship idols, performed prodigies resembling miracles, and became a prophet. He promised the natives:

a. a life of abundance (weaves fish, coconut fiber into linen)

b. that they won't be hit/won't die when hit by Spanish muskets; those who will die in the rebellion will live again.

Tapar known as the "Eternal Father," assigned among his followers a Son, a Holy Ghost, a Virgin Mary, twelve apostles, a Pope, and several bishops. It was at this time when the people felt estranged from the Spanish friars because of their prevalent misdemeanor and misdeeds. 

Tapar's syncretic religion appropriated Catholic terminologies and ignored the Spanish priests because Tapar believed that they had their own "popes", "bishops", and "priests", as well as "Jesus Christ", "Holy Ghost" and "Trinity" who could minister to them in their own nativistic ways.

The growing religious following of Tapar reached the then Spanish parish priest curate (friar) assigned to the town of Ogtong (Oton town today), Fr. Francisco de Mesa and he criticized their unorthodox practices. The followers of Tapar were agitated and they executed the parish priest for condemning their religious movement. Tapar's group burned the church and the priest's house, and fled to the mountains.

The Spanish authority knew about the incident and they launched an attack to quell the emergence of the new religion. Spanish troops were sent to Oton and by employing hired spies, the Spaniards caught up with the principal leaders who, in the process of fighting back, were killed. Their corpses were carried back to the port of Iloilo, then fastened to bamboo poles in the Halawod (Jalaur) River to be fed on by crocodiles. The woman who was named as the group's "Blessed Virgin Mary" (Maria Santisima) was mercilessly impaled on a bamboo stake and placed strategically at the mouth of the Laglag (now Dueñas) river to be eaten also by crocodiles. By 1664, as claimed by the Spaniards, peace had returned to Oton. (Agoncillo 1979, Zaide 1957).


Tapar Of Panay Facebook Page -

Tapar Revolt Wiki Pilipinas -

10 Amazing Pinoy LGBTS Who Broke Barriers And Made History, Filipiknow -

The Tapar Uprising In Oton Iloilo, Bridging The Gap By Henry F. Funtecha The News Today Online Edition -,Panay,other_Visayan_islands)__Minor_revolts_against_colonial_policies___1621_(_Bohol)

Gay Filipino In History Introduction

We have known so many men and women in Philippine history which tells of their exploits, heroism, accomplishments and contributions to helped us win our independence and freedom from tyranny, build our nation but most of all gives color to the Pearl of the Orient history.

While we know the stories of some Filipino individuals in history whose contribution or significant body of work gives an indelible mark which makes a big difference and impact through time, some other Filipinos unknown and unheard of by many of today's generations also made some impact and for a time make some noteworthy buzz worthy to be mentioned and be known in our nation's long journey to what we are today. 

Aside from the stories of the unknown straight Filipino men and women there are also members of the gay community in history whose stories are also quite interesting to tell and be heard of. We will now know their unheard stories which can also amuse us and inspire us to be courageous and motivate us to do great now and in the future. 

In the succeeding series, Ocean Breeze blog will feature some of these colorful personalities who made an imprint in our annals chapter of courageous act, heroism and greatness.

Friday, April 8, 2022

Unknown Filipino Heroes Introduction


Soon I will be featuring some of the Philippines little known unheralded heroes from the past till the present day which the Ocean Breeze blog believes deserves to be honored and worthy of recognition and attention which contributed significantly in our nation's history and/or have inspired so many Filipinos to be a little hero of their own selves. Their life story that were rarely discussed or featured will be read and known here in Ocean Breeze blog. 

Sunday, February 20, 2022

Iloilo Provincial Governors Fun Facts And Trivia

Martin Teofilo Delgado, the first civil governor of Iloilo in 1901 until 1904. He served as a teniente mayor in his hometown of Santa Barbara. He fought the Spaniards and the Americans as a general. He surrendered to the American military governor Edmund Rice on February 2, 1901 and by May 1 he became the first civil governor of Iloilo province appointed by the American civil government. After he served his term, he returned to his hometown of Sta. Barbara. He spent the last years of his life serving as  superintendent of a leprosy sanitarium in the island of Culion (in Palawan), a leper colony until his death on November 12, 1918 at the age of 60. 

Raymundo Angulo Melliza is the second civil governor of Iloilo who served from 1904 to 1906. He is the only Filipino appointed by the Spanish monarch as a magistrate to the Supreme Court of Cuba. He is a school mate and dear friend of Jose Rizal, he was the one who persuaded Dr. Jose Rizal to serve as a military doctor in Cuba. After serving his term as governor, he retired from public office after his unsuccessful attempt for reelection and bid for a seat in the Philippine Assembly as an assemblyman in the second district of Iloilo. In his later years at the age of 81, he was the persuaded by then General Emilio Aguinaldo to be his running mate and vice-presidential candidate to the very first Philippine Presidential Election of 1935 but they both lost to Nacionalista Party candidates Manuel Luis Quezon and Sergio P. Osmena as the President and Vice President of the Philippines, respectively. 


Benito Lopez is the third provincial governor of Iloilo who served from 1906 - 1908 under the administration of American governor-general Henry Clay Ide and James Francis Smith. He was the first and only Ilonggo civil governor to be assassinated while in office. He was literally shot in his office at the old Iloilo Provincial Capitol which still stands today. 

Ruperto Montinola is the fourth and eight civil governor of Iloilo province whose term of office is from 1908 at the time of the assassination of then Iloilo governor Benito Lopez until 1912 and again from 1922 to 1925 under three (3) American governor-generals namely James Francis Smith, William Cameron Forbes and Leonard Wood. He was referred to as the "Colossus of the South" by the Philippine press. 

Amado Avanceña was the sixth governor of Iloilo province who served from 1914 - 1916 under the American governor-general Francis Burton Harrison.

Gregorio Yulo is the seventh governor of Iloilo whose term of office is from 1917 - 1922 and served under three American governor-generals namely Francis Burton Harrison, Newton W. Gilbert and Leonard Wood. 

Jose Ledesma is the ninth and twentieth governor of Iloilo province who served from 1925 - 1927 and again in 1945 serving three (3) American governor-generals namely Leonard Wood, Eugene Allen Gilmore and Henry L. Stimson and two (2) Philippine presidents namely Jose P. Laurel and Sergio Osmena. 

Jose Lopez-Vito was the 10th provincial governor of Iloilo appointed by American governor-general Henry L. Stimson and served the office from for only a year from 1927 - 1928.

Alejo Aquino was the 12th governor of Iloilo who served from 1929 - 1931 under two American governor-general, Eugene Allen Gilmore and Dwight F. Davis.

Tomas Confesor twice served as Iloilo provincial governor. He first served from 1938 - 1941 during the terms of Paul V. McNutt and Francis Bowes Sayre Sr. and during the turbulent dark years of World War II serving from 1942 - 1945 under the civil resistance government whose headquarters where he is taking his office was in the mountains of central Panay Island.

Following on his father's footsteps, Patricio Confesor from Cabatuan took the governorship in 1945 around the time of the liberation of Panay and started the rehabilitation efforts after World War II under President Sergio Osmena. He is the 19th provincial governor of Iloilo.

The twenty-first provincial governor of Iloilo from 1946 - 1948, Tomas Vargas of Janiuay took the responsibility and continued the post World War II rehabilitation efforts of constructing new government, school and office building, paving concrete roads and constructing bridges. 


One of the longest serving governors of Iloilo who served for eleven years from 1948  - 1959,  Mariano Peñaflorida of Pototan served as the twenty-second (22nd) governor of Iloilo during the presidency of four (4) Philippine presidents - Manuel Roxas, Elpidio Quirino, Ramon Magsaysay and Carlos P. Garcia.


The 25th provincial governor of Iloilo, poet and writer Conrado Norada of Miagao served during Ferdinand E. Marcos administration from 1969 - 1986. His vice governors were Fortunato Padilla and Ramon Duremdes.  

Licurgo Tirador of Pototan was the appointed twenty-sixth (26th) interim provincial governor of Iloilo and was appointed by President Corazon C. Aquino. His vice governors were Carlos Lopez Jr., and Simplicio Griño. 


The twenty-seventh (27th) governor of Iloilo, Simplicio Griño of Oton served during the presidency of Corazon C. Aquino from 1987 - 1992. His vice governors were Ramon Lopez Jr., Ramon Duremdes, and Robert Maroma

Saturday, February 19, 2022

Iloilo City Full Street Names


Note: The name of the street is underlined in red while the full name or title is italicized in pink

(Don Alfonso) Fajardo Street

or probably (Governor Enrique) Fajardo Street

(Don Teodoro) Benedicto Street

(Capt.) Simon Ledesma Street

(Don Manuel) Arguelles Street

(Graciano) Lopez Jaena Street

(Marcelo Hilario) M.H. Del Pilar Street

(Spanish Bishop Mariano) Cuartero Street

(Gov. and Businessman Eugenio) E. Lopez (Sr.) Street

(First Iloilo Mayor) Plazoleta (Jose N.) Gay

(Apolinario) Mabini Street

(Fuerza del) Santo Rosario Street - original name of Fort San Pedro

(Gov. Manuel) Iznart Street

(Merchant/Revolutionary Jose Maria) JM Basa Street

(Don Anastacio Lopez) Ledesma Street

(Municipal Pres. Juan) De Leon Street

(Gen. Martin) Delgado Street

General (Antonio) Luna Street

(Sen. Espiridion) Guanco Street

Muelle (Nicholas) Loney Street - British consul and "Father of the Philippine Sugar Industry"

(Heiress) Valeria (Ledesma) Street

(Don Joaquin) Ortiz Street

(Father Jacinto) Zamora Street

(Pres. Manuel) Quezon Street

(Sen. Mariano) Arroyo Street

(Mr. Manuel) Aldeguer Street

(Don Isidro) De La Rama Street

(Revolutionary Manuel) Jalandoni Street

(Chief Justice Victoriano) Mapa Street

General (Robert) Hughes - American

(Ferdinand) Blumentritt Street - Austrian propagandist, educator, Filipinologist and a dear friend of Jose Rizal